As a percentage of the gross domestic product (GDP), the defence expenditure is an expression of Estonia’s dedication to promoting military national defence as a member of NATO.
When calculating the percentage, all costs are taken into consideration and the GDP calculation or forecast valid at the moment of disclosure is followed.
The Defence Investment Programme has been approved by the Estonian Government in 2017 with the aim to speed up the process of meeting critical capability targets.
The Estonian Government has allocated additional resources to the Ministry of Defense for host nation support (HNS) for the construction of additional infrastructure and its upkeep for the increased allied forces presence in Estonia.
The primary host nation support is allocated towards Ämari airbase for the Baltic Air Policing missioon, NATO’s Force Integration Unit in Tallinn and the Tapa military base, where the NATO battlegroup is based.
Defence Expenditure as a Share of GDP | planned vs actual
* Until 2019, the funds allocated from the State Budget as defence expenditure have been presented. 2020 is based on the current budget.